Being one of the busiest ports in Northern Europe, the port of Liverpool has been providing its services for many decades and is one of the crucial lifelines of the economy of this city.
This article covers all the information about the port of Liverpool, ranging from its services, history and development and role in the economic and social growth of the city.
1. History And Construction Of The Port
1.1. The Old Dock
The first dock in Liverpool, the Old Dock, was built in 1715 and was the world’s first commercial wet dock. Eventually, more and more docks were added.
1.2. The Seaforth Dock
One of the largest docks of all the dock networks, Seaforth Dock, was opened in 1972. This dock deals with the grain and the containers.
1.3. Liverpool Freeport Zone
In 1984, the Liverpool Freeport Zone was opened in the North Docks. This Freeport Zone plays a very crucial role in the transportation and shipping of goods.
1.4. The Euro Rail Terminal
Later, the Euro Rail Terminal was established in Seaforth Dock. In addition, more construction and development took place.
2. The Railway Network Connections of The Port Of Liverpool
2.1. Park Lane Railway
The first railway line that was linked to the dock was Park Lane Railway goods station, which opened in 1830. Earlier, this rail terminal was accessed through a long Wrapping Tunnel, which is in the east of the city. The railway was later demolished, but the tunnel is still in the city.
2.2. Liverpool Riverside Railway
2.3. Binkerhead Dock Branch Railway
On the other end of the river Mersey, the Birkenhead Dock branch provided its services between 1847 and 1993.
2.4. Canada Dock Branch Railway
Today, only the Canada Dock branch line serves these docks. Presently, the Canada Dock Branch is also used for metal processing and storage. Furthermore, it also handles bulk cargo.
2.5. City Bus
In addition to the Canada Dock Branch, the facilities for several city centre buses are available for people to reach the dock directly. This facility makes it very convenient for everyone to access the services provided by the pier.
3. Connected Ports And Docks
3.1. Liverpool Port System
The Liverpool port system is a well-established and connected port. This port system runs from Brunswick Dock in Liverpool to Liverpool2 (which is an extension of the Seaforth Dock).
Furthermore, this port also runs in Birkenhead and Wallasey City on the west side of the river.
3.2. Container Terminals In Liverpool Port
The port of Liverpool operates two container terminals – the Royal Seaforth Container Terminal and Liverpool2. Moreover, these two container terminals are complemented by the facilities at Greenock in Scotland, Dublin in Ireland and Inland ports that are along the Manchester Ship Canal.
3.3. Garston Dock
The Garston Dock is a tidal dock situated at Garston, River Mersey. Associated British Port operates the dock. Presently, the dock covers an area of about 65 acres.
3.4. Hornby Dock
The Hornsby Dock is a part of the Port of Liverpool. It is situated on the banks of River Mersey. Furthermore, it is one of the Northern dock systems of the town of Bootle.
It is linked to the Alexandre Dock on the south and Gladstone Dock on the North.
3.5. Gladstone Dock
The Gladstone Dock is connected to the Seaforth Dock on the north side and the Hornby Dock on the southern side. Further, this dock is also one of Bootle’s dock systems.
3.6. Brocklebank Dock
The Brocklebank Dock is a Northern Dock system in the town of Bootle, situated on the banks of River Mersey. The dock is linked to the Langton Dock in the North. Further, it is also connected to the Canada Dock in the South.
3.7. Alexandra Dock
The Alexandra Dock is one of the crucial docks in the port of Liverpool, and this dock consists of three sub-docks on the east side of the River Mersey.
3.8. Huskisson Dock
The Huskisson Dock is a part of the port of Liverpool, a Northern Dock system in Kirkdale.
Also, this dock is linked to the Canada Dock on the North side, and it is connected to the Sandon Half Side Dock in the South.
3.9. Sandon Half Tide Dock
The Sandon Half Tide Dock is a half-tide Dock situated on the banks of River Mersey. Moreover, it is one of the northern Docks in Kirkdale.
It is connected to the Huskisson Dock in the North and the Bramley-Moore Dock in the South. It is also linked to the Wellington Dock in the east.
3.10. Wellington Dock
Wellington Dock is also one of the Northern Docks of Kirkdale, situated on the banks of River Mersey. This dock is connected to the Sandon Dock in the south.
3.11. Bramley-Moore Dock
The Bramley-Moore Dock is a Dock on the banks of River Mersey. It is connected to the Sandon Half Tide Dock in the North and the Nelson Dock in the South.
4. Operating Authorities
Mersey Docks Harbour Company and Canal and River Trust operate many working docks. Earlier, the docks in the south were conducted by the British Waterways, which Canal and River Trust now use.
The Peel Ports Group, the second biggest port group in Britain, owns and operates the Liverpool port and the Manchester Ship Canal together. Due to this, Liverpool’s port is managed efficiently by many facilities.
4.1. Port Of Liverpool Building
The Mersey Docks and Harbour Company, now known as the Port of Liverpool Building, is in Pier Head.
It is mainly responsible for maritime safety and the environmental health of the river Mersey between the Warrington Bridge and the outer port areas. Further, it also provides pilotage and vessel traffic services. It maintains all information about
- The navigation, lights, and channels
- Provides all the information related to the tidal waves
- Information about the hydrography and water traffic to the port users.
The Port of Liverpool Building was also a World Heritage Maritime Mercantile City site declared by UNESCO.
5. Cruise Facilities
5.1. Liverpool Cruise Terminal
Liverpool Cruise Terminal is a cruise terminal that provides a great cruise experience to all passengers. The cruise was established in 2007 and is operated by Liverpool City Council.
Moreover, the cruise in Liverpool is one of the popular destinations for cruise tourists. It is also a busy ferry port for people travelling in the Irish Sea.
5.1.1. Facilities For The Passengers
The Liverpool cruise provides several options or facilities to visitors or cruise passengers. Moreover, besides the various enjoyable experiences, the cruise offers long-stay parking facilities for those who come by their own transport.
Furthermore, various food and drink venues are near the Royal Albert Dock, just a walk from Liverpool Cruise Terminal.
5.1.2. Ships That Arrive At The Terminal
The various cruise ships that are available for recreational activities are
- Jewel of the Seas
- Seven Seas
- Regal Princess
- Island Princess
- Silver Shadow
- Island Sky
- Viking Venus
- Silver Moon
- P&O Britannia
- Norwegian Dawn
6. Commercial Services
The port of Liverpool, together with other docks and ports in different regions, has provided many services for decades. Moreover, the linked docks are responsible for the continuous flow of many goods and products that are important for the manufacturing of various products, which are significant for the economy of many countries.
For instance, the port of Liverpool, together with the Manchester ship canal, handles 15 thousand vessel movements and around 40 million tons of cargo per year. They are the gateway to approximately 120 thousand industrial and commercial hubs that are lifelines of the whole population of greater London.
Liverpool’s port imports grain and animal feed. Along with that, the port also exports recycled metal to many countries. The docks in the port of Liverpool handle transporting lots of products and goods. These include timber and forest products, crude oil and coal, edible oil and fats, cocoa, and many chemicals.
The port of Liverpool is the central hub for transporting various processed and raw goods. To do this, different docks that are part of the Port of Liverpool import and export various products. The port exports scrap metal from the Gladstone Dock to Middle Eastern countries. The port also imports coal and biomass. The Garston Dock is an importer of wheat, salt, and steel from various countries. It also exports scrap metal.
These ports also handle various products like fertilisers, cement, sea-dredged stones, and agricultural products for further transportation.
7. Port Of Liverpool And Its Contribution To The Environment
Many docks that are linked to the port of Liverpool have also adopted various environment-friendly measures for the transportation and processing of goods. This includes using non-conventional fuels. Moreover, the port has also adopted various non-polluting sources for the manufacturing of the ships to promote sustainability.
The Final Stop
The Port of Liverpool has significantly contributed to the growth and development of Liverpool City. Furthermore, the port has not only contributed to economic development but also helped in environmental conservation by adopting various measures and steps. It is one of the significant heritage sites.
So, the port of Liverpool is vital in all aspects, whether social, economic, or environmental, and is a significant place of development for Europe and the rest of the world.