Unquestionably, one of the most beautiful places on earth is Britain. There are a tonne of famous British landmarks worth visiting if you are considering a trip here, including breathtaking beaches, magnificent European landmarks, ancient architecture, and vibrant landscapes.
Over 30 million tourists visit London alone each year, but Britain has much more to offer than simply London. You will be exposed to many renowned sites that are specific to different regions of Britain if you travel further afield.
The historical and cultural divergences between Scotland, Wales, and England are so great that each nation has something unique to offer visitors.
There is something to enjoy for everyone, whether you want to get away from the city and spend time in nature or you desire to learn about the history of significant architectural achievements.
25 Most Famous Landmarks in Britain
The 25 most famous landmarks in Britain are listed here for your consideration.
1. Windsor Castle
The largest occupied castle in the world and the oldest royal residence is Windsor Castle. Windsor Castle, located 50 kilometres from London, has housed British monarchs and queens for 900 years.
In the 11th century, William the Conqueror chose this particular location for Windsor castle because it was convenient for accessing London and because the royal woodland, where hunting parties could be arranged, was close by.
When Queen Elizabeth II receives monarchs, presidents, state visitors, or famous celebrities from throughout the world, Windsor Castle is still frequently used as an official residence.
St. George’s Chapel, which is located there, has been the site of numerous royal weddings. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
2. St Paul’s Cathedral
One of the most famous landmarks in London is St. Paul’s Cathedral, which receives over 2 million visitors annually. Along with the Tower of London, St Paul’s Cathedral is one of the oldest structures.
The existing cathedral, which Christopher Wren finished in the early 18th century, was actually the fifth attempt. In fact, the earliest one was constructed in 604 during the Middle Ages. After being repeatedly demolished and rebuilt throughout history, only the final example of baroque and classical architecture has managed to hold up.
As a result of hosting significant occasions like Churchill’s burial and Lady Di and Prince Charles’ wedding, St Paul’s Cathedral is a significant monument for the UK.
At the city’s highest point, immediately recognisable as a landmark is St. Paul’s Cathedral. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
3. Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge is another iconic London landmark. The Tower Bridge joins the districts of Tower Hamlets and Southwark while being overlooked by the Tower of London. It spans the River Thames.
The Tower Bridge, which was constructed at the end of the 19th century, once held the title of the most technologically advanced bridge, thanks in large part to its raising system.
About 800 times a year, the Tower bridge lifts, and the public loves to watch it. You can immediately distinguish London when strolling about because of the large gothic-style towers and blue frames of Tower bridge. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
These towers of Tower Bridge are accessible, and inside is a museum devoted to the building of the bridge. However, most people choose to cross it on the upper footbridge for pedestrians in order to take in the scenery.
4. Brighton Palace Pier
In the city of Brighton, southeast England is where you can find Brighton Palace Pier. An amusement park called Brighton Palace is located on a 525-meter-long Brighton pier that projects into the water.
The wooden Brighton pier, which was inaugurated towards the end of the 19th century during the Victorian era, has a year-round funfair with bars, restaurants, and game rooms.
One of the top attractions in the UK is the Brighton Palace Pier thanks to its picturesque setting as a floating pier and its lively ambiance. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
5. Seven Sisters Cliffs
The Seven Sisters are chalk cliffs that stretch along the English Channel and are within two hours drive from London. It is a section of the well-known White Cliffs of Dover and is a highly well-liked weekend destination for Londoners.
The cliffs, which span a little over 280 hectares, are located in Seven Sisters Country Park. Additionally, there are lovely plants, migratory birds, and lots of sheep grazing in Seven Sisters Country Park.
The Seven Sisters cliffs, which cover 21 kilometres of shoreline and have 8 hills and peaks, are quite similar to the well-known Etretat cliffs in France on the other side of the sea. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
The South Downs Way is the finest route to follow in order to discover the Seven Sisters. The nicest views of the chalk cliffs may be found throughout this 160-kilometer journey that connects the cities of Winchester and Eastbourne.
6. St Michael’s Mount
A little island called St. Michael’s Mount is situated off the coast of Cornwall and is connected to it by a stone causeway that is occasionally made visible.
The island contains a small settlement and harbour, and St. Michael’s Mount is situated in Marazion, a well-liked UK vacation spot in Cornwall.
To fully enjoy Cornwall, you should plan on staying there for at least a few days. Also, think about staying at one of Cornwall’s many charming bed and breakfasts. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
The public is welcome to explore the castle at the top of St Michael’s Mount to learn more about this fascinating island. A trip to St Michael’s Mount is a fun day trip, and there is nothing that compares to the rush of discovering the correct pathway at the right moment.
7. Cardiff Castle
Cardiff Castle, which lies in the centre of Cardiff, is unquestionably what gives the country and the world’s attention to the city.
Cardiff Castle is actually made up of three forts from various eras. Built on the foundation of a former Roman fort, some components have been preserved while others have undergone restoration.
Later, two extensions were made: the Victorian Palace in the 19th century and the Norman Castle in 1090. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
Climbing Cardiff’s main tower, the Norman Keep, which offers a breathtaking view of the city, has become a must-do activity. The Castle Hose and the Clock Tower Tours are two other popular attractions for tourists.
8. Buckingham Palace
This is the house of Queen Elizabeth II, the current monarch of the United Kingdom. One of the newest royal residences still in use today is Buckingham Palace, which is located in the heart of London between Hyde Park and Trafalgar Square.
The palace was constructed for John Sheffield (the Duke of Buckingham) in the 18th century, but King George III bought it in 1762 to use as a private residence. Queen Victoria did not designate Buckingham Palace as the formal home of British kings and queens until 1837.
Buckingham Palace is a top tourist attraction in London, particularly the daily guard change that occurs in the spring and summer and every two days the rest of the year. If you want to view it, be sure to arrive early because the area fills up rapidly.
It is without a doubt one of the most famous buildings in the UK. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
9. Hadrian’s Wall
One of the most impressive Roman-era buildings in Great Britain is Hadrian’s Wall, which can be found in northern England and is about two hours drive from Edinburgh.
The wall, which extends continuously for 122 kilometres, was erected in 122 AD to safeguard the nation’s northwest boundary with Scotland.
The construction of the wall required thousands of men to labour for almost 200 years! It’s pretty remarkable that this wall still exists in large portions 2,000 years later.
Hadrian’s Wall features a museum devoted to its history and Roman life at that time, and it has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
10. Battersea Power Station, London, England
One of the famous UK landmarks in London is the Battersea Power Station, which is situated on the banks of the Thames.
The 1941-built Grade II structure was formerly a coal-fired power plant.
After being decommissioned in 1983, the power plant is now a complex of flats and entertainment venues. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
It is highly advised to see this landmark building while in London. You can also go around a few of the building’s interiors, which contain more than 20 stores, eateries, and bars.
11. Giant’s Causeway
The Giant’s Causeway, Northern Ireland’s most famous landmark, is only a 20-minute drive from the Dark Hedges.
The lava explosion that produced this outstanding natural beauty took place more than 50 million years ago.
It produced these remarkable 40,000-strong hexagonal basaltic columns. It is a beautiful sight to see the waves pounding on it. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
Visitors can enjoy strolling among the columns or exploring one of the nearby hiking trails to get a full view of the Giant’s Causeway.
12. London Eye
The London Eye, which has a diameter of 135 metres and is located on the banks of the River Thames, is the biggest Ferris wheel in Europe. It is made up of 32 egg-shaped capsules, each of which stands for a different UK county.
The wheel can hold up to 800 passengers at once with a capacity of 25 people per cabin! It is one of the famous landmarks in England.
Since the wheel rotates slowly and the journey lasts 30 minutes, it doesn’t need to stop for passengers to board. One of the nicest panoramic views of London can be seen from the cabin. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
Since its debut in 2000, the London Eye has attracted more than 3,5 million tourists annually, making it one of the city’s top attractions.
13. Natural History Museum
The Natural History Museum, one of London’s most visited attractions, is home to some of the most important earth and science collections in the entire world, particularly those of James Cook and Charles Darwin.
The museum is housed in a magnificent Romanesque structure from the 19th century that is situated in Kensington.
The museum’s 5 exhibitions have over 70 million genuine zoological, paleontological, entomological, mineralogical, and botanical specimens. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
The dinosaur skeleton, the blue whale skeleton on display in the lovely Hintze Hall, and the hands-on earthquake and volcano exhibits are particularly beloved by visitors.
14. Canterbury Cathedral
A magnificent structure with a rich history dating back more than 1400 years in England is Canterbury Cathedral.
Roman invaders used it as a place of worship, and Benedictine monks lived there until King Henry VIII closed the abbey in 1540.
It is now the symbolic head of the world’s Christian community and is a World Heritage property. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
It is one of the most famous British buildings, and as you explore it, you’ll be astounded by the tales the artwork and statues inside convey.
15. Big Ben
To the north of Westminster Palace, Big Ben is positioned close to the River Thames. Big Ben, often known as the “Clock Tower,” had a name change in 2012 to “Elizabeth Tower” in honour of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee.
Catching Big Ben on the hour and waiting for his chimes to resound throughout London’s cityscape is entertaining. It should be on every Londoner’s bucket list!
One of the most iconic British landmarks, Big Ben has been standing for about 200 years. All day long, visitors from all around the world congregate to see this well-known clock.
This is also a fantastic photo opportunity, as Big Ben’s gothic architecture contrasts beautifully with Westminster in the foreground. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
16. Glenfinnan Viaduct
The Glenfinnan Viaduct, which rises 30 metres above the earth in eastern Scotland, was built in the 20th century to link the cities of Fort William and Mallaig.
The viaduct is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Scotland since it served as J.K. Rowling’s inspiration for the Hogwarts Express in Harry Potter.
In the spring and summer, people can visit the official viewpoint to observe the Jacobite Express every day. Fans of Harry Potter will adore this well-known British monument. The Hogwarts Express travels through the renowned Glenfinnan Viaduct in the Harry Potter films.
Prefer to visit the Glenfinnan Train Museum to get a better glimpse of the train and the viaduct. A 45-minute trek giving breathtaking views of the viaduct may be taken from there. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
17. Blackpool Tower
The Blackpool Tower is a significant component of the traditional British vacation to Blackpool.
The famed Strictly Ballroom, which hosts ballroom dancing competitions all year long, is housed inside the Blackpool tower, which views out into the beach.
The Blackpool tower illuminates the entire beach at night and is stunning to watch as it changes colors. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
This is a tremendously entertaining tourist attraction, and the view of Blackpool from the tower’s summit is amazing.
18. Edinburgh Castle
Edinburgh Castle is undoubtedly Scotland’s most well-known landmark. The castle is visible from a great distance because of its location on the Royal Mile in the historic district of Castle Rock.
The fortress, built in the 12th century, is a reminder of the traumatic past that existed between England and Scotland. Many Scottish monarchs, including the most well-known of them, Mary Stuart, utilised it as a military outpost and royal home.
The history of Edinburgh Castle is told in the museum there, which also features stunning royal artifacts like the crown jewels. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
Although the exteriors of the Edinburgh castle are likewise very attractive, the panoramic view of Edinburgh’s old town from the ramparts is unquestionably the best.
19. Royal Albert Dock
The most famous landmark and destination in Liverpool is the Royal Albert Dock. It was formerly the most significant harbour in the world for maritime trade throughout the 19th century.
As a result of the slave trade, this harbour has a rather somber history. Although it was quite successful in the 19th century, the docks went through a protracted period of decline until Liverpool City chose to carry out repairs in the 1990s.
The Royal Albert Dock now has eateries, shops, galleries, and museums that commemorate its past. Even more recently, in 2004, it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
20. Warwick Castle
This castle is one of the finest illustrations of the military construction of the 14th century, and it is situated close to the River Avon in the town of Warwick.
Warwick Castle, like Windsor Castle, was erected in the eleventh century by William the Conqueror on the remains of a former Saxion fort. Despite numerous invasions, fires, and ownership changes, the castle is still intact today.
Because Warwick Castle is perched on a cliff’s edge, it provides breathtaking vistas from its walls. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
The tours at this castle offer thorough and entertaining explanations of the castle’s history and mediaeval life, making a visit to this destination highly recommended.
21. The Roman Baths
The Roman Baths are one of the most spectacular archaeological sites in the UK, and they are situated in the lovely city of Bath, which is entirely recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The hot spring inside was well-known before the Romans since it was utilised by the Celts, even though the Roman baths and temple were constructed during Roman times between 60 and 70 AD.
The Roman baths are divided into four main sections: the baths themselves, a hot spring, a Roman temple, and a museum displaying items uncovered on the property.
Since the 1970s, the Roman baths have sadly been inaccessible for bathing, but you can still visit the Thermae Bath Spa to experience the hot spring. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
22. St David’s Cathedral
One of the largest and oldest cathedrals in the UK is this one, which is located in Pembrokeshire county.
On the site of earlier churches that had been destroyed by Viking raids, St. David’s Cathedral was erected between the 12th and the 13th century.
The cathedral has undergone a number of alterations over time, particularly during the 14th and 16th centuries. To prevent it from deteriorating, some repair work has recently been done. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
The outside facade of St. David’s Cathedral is a blend of pink and grey, and other notable elements include the interior 16th-century oak ceiling, the classic Anglican square tower, and, of course, St. David’s grave and relics.
23. Caernarfon Castle
One of the largest medieval structures in all of Europe is Caernarfon Castle. This enormous fortification, which is located in North Wales, serves as a powerful representation of British power.
Caernarfon Castle was built during the reign of King Edward I in the late 13th century following the invasion of Wales.
In fact, throughout the First English Civil War between the mid-17th century and the 15th century, the fortress withstood numerous sieges. Up until the 19th century, it had been neglected, therefore the government undertook reconstruction work to restore it to its former splendour.
Caernarfon Castle, which has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986, now has a museum housed inside its walls that aids tourists in learning more about its past. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
24. Jurassic Coast
A section of the southern English coastline known as the Jurassic Coast is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Exmouth in East Devon serves as the beginning point, and Old Harry Rocks in Dorset serves as the destination.
The incredible geology and fossils in this area of the Dorset coast have earned it the name Jurassic Coast. In fact, this area has fossil-rich cliffs and beaches that date back to the time of the dinosaurs.
From the water, you can observe the many stone strata that date back 185 million years as you gaze upon the Jurassic Coast! Some locations, like Durdle Door or Lulworth Cove, are exceptional.
However, Dorset is also home to attractive villages with quaint cottages, cute cafes, and castles like Corfe Castle in addition to its distinctive coastline. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
25. Peak District National Park
The Peak District is the first national park established in Britain, and it is situated around an hour from Manchester in England.
Many people come to the Peak District National Park to engage in outdoor activities because it is located in a mid-mountain region with hills, gorges, and valleys. It is one of the famous landmarks in Britain.
Any type of tourist can find something to do at the park. There is so much to do in the Peak District, from thermal towns like Buxton and lovely villages to hiking routes and historical places!
Britain is home to many famous landmarks, from Big Ben and Buckingham Palace to Stonehenge and Hadrian’s Wall. These landmarks are popular tourist destinations, and they offer a glimpse into the country’s rich history.
If you’re planning a trip to Britain, be sure to add some of these iconic landmarks in Britain to your itinerary.