21 Interesting Facts About Portugal

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Portugal is a fascinating nation whose proud historical past is seen in every city, from its bustling capital right up to its tiny picturesque villages that are dotted around the town. Portugal is a country with a small and huge history and a medley of pioneers and greats.

Portugal has many people who are unable to understand much about the country. Here is a list of interesting facts about Portugal which will blow you away!

  1. Half of the “New World” Once Belonged to Portugal

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One of the well-known facts about Portugal is the Tordesillas Treaty was adopted in 1494. The document gives Portugal the eastern portion of the “New World”, including Brazil as well as parts of Africa and Asia. Portugal’s Empire is essentially the world’s first empire of the past.

It was among the largest colonial powers and remained in existence for nearly six centuries from when Ceuta was captured in 1415 until Macao was handed down in 1998.

In 1808 the Portuguese kingdom Dom Joo moved into Brazil and declared a separate country from the aforementioned Portugal.

  1. Portugal and England have the oldest diplomatic alliance in the world

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In 1373 the anglo Portuguese alliance was established and continues today. Each side of the conflict is fighting for another. Notable examples include British participation in the Iberian Peninsula War and Portugal’s involvement in World War One. Portugal has a long, surfable shoreline.

This 600-year partnership was formalized in 1386 by the Treaty of Windsor between the Kingdoms of Portugal and England.

Since the fourteenth century, it has been renewed and sustained, making it the oldest continuously surviving partnership. This is one of the oldest and most well-known facts about Portugal.

  1. One of the Oldest Universities in Europe Is in Portugal


The University of Coimbra was founded in 1290 and has become the oldest university in Europe. There are nearly 30,000 students at the school, and the school is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Founded by Dinius a royal renowned for promoting Portuguese literature and agriculture in the 19th century.

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The University of Coimbra is ranked 455 in the QS World University Rankings by Top Universities, with an overall score of 3.2 stars, based on student evaluations on Studyportals.

It’s a fascinating choice since this institution offers an incredible number of academic alternatives which makes it one of the interesting facts about Portugal.

  1. Lisbon was hit by one of the most powerful earthquakes in European history

One of the most well-known facts about Portugal is that a 9.9 earthquake struck Lisbon in 1755 followed by a tsunami and a massive fire that smashed most of Lisbon into rubble.

A huge religious holiday in Europe was impacted by the earthquake. After the quake, many candle flames fell and caused extensive fire. 270,000 residents and 88% of buildings were destroyed.

The earthquake triggered a tsunami and massive fires in the city. Over 200,000 people from the city are expected to attend mass. It was around the time of the earthquake. Certainly, one of the recognized facts about Portugal.

  1. Portugal Is the Largest Cork Producer in the World

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Portuguese corks are produced for 70% of global exports. Moreover, the country has the largest cork forest in the world. The main exporters of Portuguese cork are Germany, the United Kingdom, and the U.S. Cork may be harvested for another 100 years.

Cork is commonly used in construction, such as floors, ceilings, walls, and roofs. It is home to the world’s largest cork forest.

It’s great for noise and heat insulation, among other things. Over 90% of the world’s cork exports are covered by Portugal, Spain, Morocco, and Algeria, and Portugal is by far the world’s largest cork producer, accounting for nearly 50% of worldwide supply, transformation, and export. It is one of the most well-known facts about Portugal.

  1. Piri-Piri Originated in Portugal

Portuguese cuisine can be attributed to Piri-Piri, which the fascinating country often liberally poured over their favorite churrasco chicken. This chili is made from a South American source and was from where the Portuguese took the chillis into Africa.

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The chili melange, garlic, and lemon led to the popular sauce. Indeed, one of the amazing facts about Portugal. Undoubtedly one of the unique facts about Portugal.

  1. Portugal Is the Oldest Country in Europe

Portugal’s borders were established in 1139, becoming the United Kingdom’s first nation-state.

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The Portuguese kingdom continued to be a kingdom for the following 80 years until a successful 1910 reform in the hands of the Portuguese republic. It had one of the country’s longest operating empires, lasting over six centuries.

  1. Port Wine – Portugal’s Most Famous Export and National Drink

Originally cultivated from Portugal’s UNESCO-listed Douro Valley Port wine was a red fortified wine.

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The region is the world’s third-oldest wine region and the produce was popular in England during the 17th century. One of the generally acknowledged facts about Poland. Definitely, one of the prominent facts about Portugal.

  1. Portuguese Is the Official Language of Nine Countries

Almost half of the world’s population is Portuguese speaking. Portuguese is Brazil’s official Portuguese language: Cap Verdes, Angola, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Principe, Sao Tomb, and Equatoria.

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Portuguese has also been widely spoken in India, Macao, and East Timor. One of the widely agreed facts about Poland. One of the lesser known facts about Portugal.

  1. The Oldest Bookstore in the World is in Portugal’s capital

The Bertrand bookstore has been established in 1732 and is located in Lisbon’s capital. Its history as a bookstore continued to flourish. Moravian Bookstore, the second oldest, opened in 1744 in Philadelphia. Which makes it among the interesting facts about Portugal.

Book lovers can delight in visiting Bertrand Bookseller in the Chiado district of the city. A bookshop began in 1732. In 2011, the Guinness Book of World Records certified the original bookshop in Lisbon’s Chiado area to be the world’s oldest running bookstore.

  1. The Secret Recipe for Pastéis de Nata

Crisp, creamy, and sweet – nothing like the classic Pasta de Nata originating in Belém in Lisbon. In Portuguese history, Portugal has kept the recipe secret for centuries.

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Visit the famous bakeries in Belem to have a bite. Probably, one of the most well-known facts about Poland.

  1. Portugal Has the Second-Longest Bridge in Europe

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Vasco da Gama bridge is approximately 7.6 km long. It’s the longest in Europe in about 20 years before Russia commenced construction of the Crimea Bridge in 2018.

It opened in 1998, after three years of preparation, to relieve traffic congestion on Lisbon’s 25th of April Bridge.

It links Belém on the Tagus River’s south bank to Parque das Naçes on the river’s north bank. The bridge links Lisbon to the Algarve through the A2 motorway.

It held an outstanding distinction at the time of its construction, and it is still widely considered one of the world’s longest bridges.

  1. The Longest Living Colonial Empire of Portugal

The Portuguese Empire was the most powerful global empire in history, as well as one of the longest-running colonial empires, spanning over six centuries until Macau was given up in 1999. Portugal’s dominion extended over what are now 53 nations. Brazil gained independence in 1822, and by the end of 1975, all of Portugal’s African possessions had won freedom.

Vasco de Gama established the maritime route to India, and Bartholomew Diaz was the first to sail past Africa’s southernmost point, which he named the Cape of Good Hope. Portugal, as a major colonial power, was an important player in the global slave trade, transporting slaves from western Africa to the Americas. In addition, it was the first colonial authority to abolish slavery.

  1. Lisbon is older than Rome and one of Europe’s oldest cities.

Lisbon has a long history, but did you realise it is older than Rome? Lisbon is four centuries older than Rome and Europe’s second oldest capital city. The Phoenicians arrived in Lisbon in 1200 B.C. and were the earliest immigrants. One of the fun facts about Portugal.

Archaeological discoveries going back to 1200BC show that the Phoenicians had villages across what is now Lisbon, implying that the city has been continually inhabited for almost 3,000 years. As the closest major European city to the Americas, Lisbon has traditionally been an important commercial hub facing the Atlantic Ocean.

  1. Portugal Is Also Known as the Country of Tiles

Portugal is renowned as the “Tile Country.” The Portuguese have used tiles to decorate their walls and floors for a long time.

Decorated tiles may be seen on buildings, restaurants, and tiny streets. You might also visit the National Tile Museum in Lisbon and read our article on Portuguese tiles to learn all you need to know.

Tiles are an important element of Portuguese history, and the two are inextricably linked. Portuguese tiles come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are constructed of ceramic that has been painted and sealed to endure weather and use.

People who sought to create monuments using Portuguese tiles always attempted to connect them to the history of the building.

The Portuguese name for tiles is “azulejos.” It is, of course, Arabic in origin, and it means “little polished stone.” All of these tiles would first be carved into geometric forms and painted in extremely neutral tones.

  1. Portugal’s Dictatorship Was Europe’s Longest

The authoritarian dictatorship ruled from 1926 to 1974, with António de Oliveira Salazar in charge for most of that period. Portugal saw three periods of dictatorship: the first was a military dictatorship. Second, there is the national dictatorship, and finally, there is the new state.

During Portugal’s dictatorship, there was a strong patriotic conservatism fueled by Catholicism. On April 25, 1974, a bloodless coup nicknamed the Carnation Revolution deposed the regime.

  1. What Do The Colours Convey In Portuguese Flag?

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The background colors of the Portuguese flag are green and red, and they are not proportionately equal, but this is not by chance; it has a significant significance.

The green portion represents the Portuguese people’s desire for their country, while the crimson portion represents the blood spilled by those who died while serving the nation.

National painters created the Portuguese flag. The shield, on the other hand, commemorates the nation’s victory against the Moors. One of the amazing facts about Portugal.

  1. Portugal Is A Surfer’s Paradise

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Portugal is regarded as one of the top surfing locations in Europe, with a diverse range of waves and swell sizes providing perfect surfing areas for surfers of all abilities. Swells are normally 6 to 15 feet in size.

The world’s largest wave generator is located in Portugal, thanks to an underwater canyon. Garrett McNamara, an American surfer, surfed a massive wave of 23.77 meters off the coast of Nazaré in Portugal in February 2011, setting a new world record in the process.

  1. Portugal Created the World’s Largest Omelette

In 2012, Portugal produced the world’s biggest omelet. It was created in 6 hours by 55 workers and weighed 6.466 tonnes (14,225lbs).

It was made out of 145,000 eggs, 880 pounds of oil, and 220 pounds of butter. More information on the Omelet may be found on the Guinness World Records website. One of the fascinating facts about Portugal.

  1. Portugal Is Europe’s Westernmost Point

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The European continent’s westernmost point is on mainland Portugal, situated at 38o 47′ north and 9o 30′ west. The point is situated at the end of the 30 km-long Portuguese Riviera and is part of the Parque Nacional de Sintra-Cascais.

Cabo da Roca, located inside the Sintra Mountain Range in the Portuguese municipality of Sintra, is the westernmost point of continental Europe.

The location of the point is marked with a stone plaque and a monument. Sand beaches and rugged rock promontories surround Cabo do Roca. This is one of the amazing facts about Portugal.

  1. Port Wine Is Produced in Portugal

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Vinho do Porto is a fortified wine that is prepared by adding grape spirit or brandy before the fermenting process is complete. This results in sweet, alcoholic port wine with a high alcohol content of roughly 20%. The wine is then aged for two to six years in oak barrels or steel containers before being bottled.

Port wine grapes are exclusively cultivated in the Douro Valley’s steeply terraced slopes near Porto. Port wine, a fortified wine that originated in Portugal, is made from distilled grape spirits. Certainly, one of the wonderful facts about Portugal.

Although various fortified wines in the style of port are produced in other regions of the globe, only Portuguese goods may be branded as Porto or port inside EU nations, according to European Union criteria. The Douro Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world’s longest-established wine-producing areas.


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Portugal is famous for its famous seafood recipes and its famous beaches, along with the architecture and culture that developed between 1600 and 1920.

This region is well known for football legends like Cristiano Ronaldo and fado music, historic cities, and port wines. Above were some of the most famous facts about Portugal!


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